Miscellaneous

White forsythia - Abeliophyllum

White forsythia - Abeliophyllum

Generality

the genus abeliophyllum includes a single species, it is a shrub of small size, with deciduous leaves, native to Korea. It has thin, elongated, erect or slightly pendulous stems, brown or brown-pink in color; with a roundish habit, these shrubs have a slow growth, and can reach 150-200 cm in height and width. The leaves are oval, appear after flowering, are green or bluish-green; sometimes they turn purple before falling off. At the end of winter, in January-February, it produces many white, star-shaped, slightly pendulous, very fragrant flowers; the buds are often present on the plant starting from September; there are cultivars with pink flowers, of various shades. This shrub is very reminiscent of forsythia, but has a smaller size and very fragrant flowers, which bloom a few weeks before forsythia. To maintain a harmonious shape of the shrub it is good to prune the old branches every 2-3 years, 20-30 cm from the ground. Those who love cut flowers can prune some abeliophyllum stems in January and force them to bloom indoors.


Exposure

The white forsythia plants should be planted in a sunny place, or in partial shade, in a place where they can receive a few hours of direct sunlight, preferably in the afternoon.

These plants do not fear the cold, they can withstand harsh temperatures without problems, but they do not tolerate sudden late frosts, followed by hot days, which can cause serious problems in flowering.

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Watering

The white forsythia plants, in general, are satisfied with the rains, which are often quite abundant during the flowering period, since it occurs in the winter season, before the appearance of the foliage; in case of prolonged periods of drought it is advisable to water the plant, especially if it is a young specimen.

In autumn, it is advisable to bury well-mature organic fertilizer or universal granular fertilizer at the base of the plant.


Ground

Abeliophyllums develop without problems in any soil, preferring well-drained, soft, rich and deep substrates. When planting the white forsythia it is good to prepare a soil composed of peat, organic substance and pumice, in order to give the plant a substrate that is well drained and avoids the formation of dangerous stagnations of water.


Multiplication

The multiplication of white forsythia generally takes place by cuttings, which must be taken from the apexes of the stems, at the end of summer, or in late summer if there is a suitable place for the development of cuttings even in very hot climates. If you proceed at the end of the summer it is good to have a suitable space to allow the correct rooting of the new plants, before they are permanently planted.


White Forsythia - Abeliophyllum: Parasites and diseases

Abeliophyllums are generally not affected by parasites or diseases. For safety, white forsythia plants can be treated with broad spectrum products before flowering, so as to be better protected from problems and diseases.


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